Hola. In this video lesson we continue learning about how to use reflexive verbs when they come after a verb in a sentence or when they are happening (right now) in the sentence. It might not make sense if you read this, so go ahead and watch the video below!
Hope you found that helpful!Â Feel free to leave comments, questions, or suggestions if you would be so kind!
bañarse – to take a bath, bathe oneself
levantarse – to get up
lavarse – to wash oneself
cepillarse – to brush onself
secarse – to dry oneself
tener que – to have to
(Yo) Tengo que – I have to
(Yo) Tengo que bañarme. – I have to bathe myself / take a bath
(Yo) Me tengo que bañar. – I have to bathe myself / take a bath
ir + a + verb – to go to / going to ___do something___
(Nosotros) Vamos a… – We go / are going
(Nosotros) Vamos a levantarnos. / (Nosotros) Nos vamos a levantar. – We are going to get up.
querer – to want
(yo) quiero – I want
(Yo) me quiero dormir / (Yo) quiero dormirme – I want to go to sleep
(tú) necesitas – you need
(tú) Necesitas cepillarte los dientes. / (tú) Te necesitas cepillar los dientes. – You need to brush your teeth.
Jaime se va a duchar. / Jaime va a ducharse. – Jaime is going to take a shower.
estar – to be
hablar = to talk, speak
hablando – talking, speaking
(yo) Estoy hablando – I am talking (right now)
comer – to eat
comiendo – eating
(tú) Estás comiendo – you are eating (right now)
vivir – to live
viviendo – living
(nosotros) Estamos viviendo – we are living (right now)
Yo me estoy lavando la cara. / Yo estoy lavándome la cara. – I am washing my face. (right now)
¿Te estás bañando? / ¿Estás bañándote? – Are you bathing yourself? Are you taking a bath? (right now)
Yo me estoy despertando. / Yo estoy despertándome. – I am waking myself up. (right now)
Ellos se están acostando. / Ellos están acostándose. – They are going to bed. (right now)
vestir – to dress
Ella se está¡ vistiendo. / Ella está vistiéndose. – She is getting dressed. (right now)
dormir – to sleep
durmiendo – sleeping
Yo me estoy durmiendo.Â / Yo estoy durmiéndome. – I am falling asleep. (right now)
Thank you so much for these wonderful videos! I assign them to my students for homework. I’ve been making voicethreads myself, which you can feel free to use with your students, if interested (I have yet to categorize them other than by the date in which I teach them, a project for this summer.) Thanks for all your hard work! Also, maybe (if you have the time and feel like it) you could make a video using direct and indirect object pronouns and contrasting their usage with reflexive pronouns (Le cepillo los dientes a mi hermanito vs Me cepillo los dientes) . Â¡CuÃdate!
Tiffany Schonewill, Spanish Teacher, Colorado Springs
You talk about how present progressive tense (-ing) verbs all end with -ando or -iendo in the non-reflexive use like hablando and viviendo. You tell us that there are no other changes for -ing verbs in the different persons. Then you talk about ppt verb endings for reflexive verbs, e.i. lavÃ¡ndome. What you don’t say is if the same rule applies for the different persons. Do ALL reflexive forms of lavÃ¡ndome apply to all persons?
One other thing…do all the (o-ue) verbs (dormirse (o-ue) = durmiendo) change to u in the present progressive tense, or just some of them?
Your answers will be greatly appreciated.
Thank you for such a great tool for learning Spanish. I hope Sra. Stewart will keep giving us assignments to watch your videos!
Wow. You bring up some good questions. I emailed a longer version of this, but here’s the shorter one.
Your questions as I understood them:
1) Does the reflexive rule apply for the different persons?
I assume you are talking about the reflexives (verbs with ‘se’ at the end) though. The reflexive pronouns (me, te, se, nos, se) are not actually part of the ‘ing’ portion even though we can attach them. So they will change with their respective forms.
We can always put them before the verb.
yo me estoy baÃ±ando
tÃº te estÃ¡s baÃ±ando
Ã©l se estÃ¡ baÃ±ando
nosotros nos estamos baÃ±ando
ellos se estÃ¡n baÃ±ando
If I wrote those all the ‘attached’ way….
yo estoy baÃ±Ã¡ndome
tÃº estÃ¡s baÃ±Ã¡ndote
Ã©l estÃ¡ baÃ±Ã¡ndose
nosotros estamos baÃ±Ã¡ndonos
ellos estÃ¡n baÃ±Ã¡ndose
They still must be the same as the people they talk about.
2) Do other (o-ue) verbs change like dormir in the ‘ing’ form?
We only do this with -IR verbs (verbs that end in -IR). For the (o-ue), there are really only two verbs that you’ll come across:
*dormir (to sleep)
*morir (to die)
Muchas Gracias!! Sr Jordan .
Dear Sr. jordan,
One question, from the example “you need to brush your teeth”; Is ” (Tu) te necesitas cepillar su dientes” is wrong? hence the sentence have a possessive adjective?
These are the two best options:
Te necesitas cepillar los dientes.
Necesitas cepillarte los dientes
Thank you for the wonderful teaching aids you have given us. I have learned a lot. I have a question about interpreting which verb the reflexive part applies to if it placed at the start of the sentence. For example: does “se puede + infinitive” mean one can…or he can …himself? Or ” se va + verb ” mean he is leaving to … Or he is going to…himself? Maybe context is all? Thanks again.
Hola senor Jordan. Muchas gracias para lecciones. Tengo una pregunta.
Is there any other reflexive verb in Spanish? I read Barron’s book and there’s a sentence there said that
Prefieres sentarse aqui o alla? >> Do you prefer to sit here or there?
‘sentarse’ >> to sit oneself? Sounds weird to me
And is it suppose to be ‘sentarse’ or ‘sentarte’
Thank you in advanced.
I really appreciate what you are doing here. I have been taking Spanish classes at my local county continuing education class. Your videos help make the lessons so much easier.
Hola SeÃ±or Jordan,
LOVE your videos!
I have two questions. When using multiple reflexive verbs in a sentence do you need to use the pronoun each time? Example: Tengo que baÃ±arme y vestirme.
Me tengo que baÃ±ar y vestirme.
Also when writing titles such as “SeÃ±or Jordan”, does “seÃ±or always get capitalized.
Thank you for all you do to make Spanish easier.
Do you also have worksheets?